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clothed in a blue coat, light waistcoat, knee breeches and black skull-cap, his 'jolly' countenance and his genial affability made him ever welcome.

After twenty-five years came a sad deterioration. The Duke was getting old, his illnesses were prolonged and painful, for two years he was completely blind and thereafter only partially recovered, his veteran advisers had all passed away. The organised conspiracy - for it was such - of Drs Crucefix and Oliver threatened to bring crashing into ruins the work of the Duke's lifetime. No wonder he became ill-tempered. The Grand Master was a changed man; he was hectoring, unjust, despotic; it was not a pleasant sight. Though many fine things were said of him at his passing, his demise brought relief to the Fraternity. He was not a great Grand Master, but he was a good one. Of his contemporaries he was by far the best fitted for the office. 'If' is a dangerous word in history, but it is a safe assumption that if we had had one of his brothers in his place - and it might easily have happened 1 the Craft would not have been so well served. The memorial of his labours is not the statue, the portraits or the other paraphernalia of departed merit: it is one of which any man, of any rank, could be justly proud - the United Grand Lodge of England. The existence and present prosperity of this great Fraternity are due in no small measure to the Grand-Mastership of HRH the Duke of Sussex.

1,      Letters of King George 1V, 1812-1830, ed A. A. Aspinall. i, p 60, No 55.

The Prestonian Lecture For 1962
P R James