Museum of Freemasonry - Masonic Library

Article Index

Cassar, Andrés, Manual de la Masonería – o sea El Tejador de los Ritos Antiguo Escocés, Francés y de Adopción, 1860.
Eliade, Mircea, The Forge and the Crucible, University of Chicago Press, 1962.
Jung, Carl G., Symbole der Wandlung, Rascher, Zurich, 1952.
Kaplan, Aryeh, The Bahir Illumination, Weiser, 1998.
Instruction au Premier Degré Symbolique, Grade d'App., Rite Ecoss. Anc. Et Acc., Grande Loge de France, 1925.
Liturgia para el grado de Aprendiz Masón, R:.E:.A:. y A:., Gran Logia Nacional de Colombia, 1947.
Liturgia del Grado de Aprendiz, Gran Logia Valle de Mexico, Mexico, D. F., 1969.
Origine et Evolution des Rituels des Trois Premiers Degres du Rite Ecossais Ancien et Accepté, "Ordo ab Chao", N° 39-40, Supreme Council of France, 1999.
Ritual del Aprendiz Masón, Grand Lodge of Argentine, 1982.
Ritual de Primer Grado, Aprendiz Masón, Rito Escocés Antiguo y Aceptado, Logia La Fraternidad #62, Tel Aviv 1983, Second Edition, Jerusalem 1998.
Ritual del Aprendiz Masón, Grado Primero del Rito Escocés Antiguo y Aceptado, Grande Oriente Español, Madrid 1979.
Ritual para el Grado de Aprendiz, 14th Edition, Caracas 1973, Grand Lodge of Venezuela
Rituel du Premier Degré, Rite Ecossais Ancien et Accepté, Grande Loge Nationale Française, s/d.

[i]   See my paper "The Symbolism of Stone" in Ars Quatuor Coronatorum, Vol. 106 (1993), London, October 1994.
[ii]   Cf. Cirlot, J.E., A Dictionary of Symbols, sub voc. "Cave", Dorset Press, 1991.
[iii]    I owe this insight to Bro. Francisco Ariza, in his conference Masonerيa y Alquimia, pronounced in the Arْs Library of Barcelona, January 20, 2005.
[iv]  The first three questions are universally the same. In some rituals this last question is omitted. In the Argentinean ritual, there are five questions, the last two dealing with what benefits does the candidate expect to get from Freemasonry and what can Freemasonry expect from him.
[v]   See, in this connection, the chapter on "passing through the narrow door" in Mircea Eliade's  The Sacred and the Profane, English translation by Harcourt, Inc., 1959.
[vi]    See Mircea Eliade, Forgerons et Alchimistes, Flammarion, 1956. English translation: The Forge and the Crucible, 1962.
[vii]    "Breaking the water" is the first sign of impending childbirth.
[viii]    E-mail dated April 9, 2002.
[ix]    These letters have numerical values 1, 40 and 300 respectively. Their sum, 341 and the sum of their figures (3+4+1=7) comprise al the principal numerical symbols.
[x]   See my article The Place of Gloves in Freemasonry', The Philalethes, Vol. LIV, N° 4, August 2001.
[xi]    For the symbolism of numbers, refer to The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers, by David Wells, first published in 1986 and reprinted many times.