Museum of Freemasonry - Masonic Library

Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophelus was born on 27th January 1756 at Salzburg and christened with that name, but he is more well known as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozar.

He played the harpsicord at 3 years of age, was a concert pianist at 6 years. At that age he journied to Vienna with his 11 year old sister Maria Anna to play at the Court of Empress Maria Theresa at Schonbrunn Palace. By age 13 he was appointed "Konzertyneister" by the Archbishop of Salzburg after a performance of his opera "La Finta Semplice". At age 15 he was admitted to the Accademia Filarmonica at Bologna. The entrance test was to set a four‑part antiphon; this task he completed in just over 30 minutes; it took other composers 4 hours or so!!

The variety and scope of his works is outstanding. In addition to his 11 Masonic works, he produced 41 Symphonies; 42 violin sonatas; 17 organ sonatas; 26 quartets 10 quintets; 30 divertimentos; 20 operas; 500 songs; also chamber music; choral works; oratorio church music; and much more.

Mozart's Masonic works are:‑ "Adagio" for wind instruments in canon form (K411); "Adagio"for winds(K412); "A Short Cantata"(K419); "Die Gesellreise" (The Fellowcraft's Journey)(K468); "Die Maurerische Trauennusk' (The Mason's Joy)(K 477); "Opening of the Lodge" (Opus 483); "Closing the Lodge" (Opus 484); "A Cantata" (K619); "Little Masonic Cantata", forthe dedication of anew Viennese Masonic Temple (K623). His eleventh Masonic composition is, of course, "Die Zauberflote" (the opera we know as "The Magic Flute"). It was composed in the last year of his life and is truely a Masonic Opera. In the opera the high priest announces the arrival of the prince and is asked, is he virtuous ?" "Can he be silent ?", "Is he charitable ?".

Mozart might have had a premonition of his fate at the years end in the lines spoken by the Prince in the opera:- "Death holds no fear for me. I will be a man and tread the path of virtue. Unlock those fearful gates to me! Gladly will I be tried in this venture".

His Masonic affiliations commence when he was Initiated into Lodge zur Wohitatigkeit (Charity) on 14th December 1784. Passed to the Fellowcraft Degree on 7th January 1785 in Lodge zur wakren Eintracht (True Concord) and later Raised to a Master Mason, on a date not known, but his name appears on Lodge lists as a Master Mason. Other Lodges he was associated with includes Lodge zur neugekronten Hoffriung (New Crowned Hope).

Following Mozart's death in Vienna at 55 minutes passed midnight on Monday, 5th December 1791, it was the Lodge of New Crowned Hope that held a Lodge of Sorrow. The oration was delivered by Bro. Karl Henster, his closing words were ‑ "Only a few weeks ago he stood in our midst glorifying with his magical music the dedication of, our Temple. Who among us did not esteem him, our Worthy Brother Mozart ? Who among us would have thought then how soon he was to be taken from us ?”

Mozart's funeral was held on 6th December 1791 at St. Stephen's Cathedral and his mortal remains were interred in a mass grave at St Marx burial ground.

One of his contemporaries summed up the feelings of his fellow musicians, "If he had lived any longer, the world wouldn't have given a toss for our compositions".

Ref‑ "The Freemason's" E. Lerinhoff
"Mozart" W. Thompson
"Mozart and the Masons" H.C. Robbins‑Landon
Freemason's Pocket Reference Book" F.L.Pick & G.N.Knight